Families that were separated at the border are just the latest in a string of immigration issues that provoked outcry across the country.
The Trump administration rescinded its family separation policy this week, but not before roughly 2,000 children were separated from their parents as they tried to cross into the United States.
Here’s a by-the-numbers look at sectors of the immigrant population that have made recent headlines:
1,995Immigrant children separated from their parents across U.S.
Department of Homeland Security figures show that minors were separated from 1,940 adults between April 19 and May 31 for reasons that included illegal entry, immigration violations and possible criminal conduct by the adult. The numbers cover those who sought to enter the United States between official border crossings.
8the number of separated children on Long Island.
The children are living at MercyFirst, a federally approved shelter in Syosset. There are 70 separated children at 10 sites throughout the state, according to Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo in a lawsuit the state plans to file against the Trump administration.
380,872the average number of people apprehended at the border annually since 2014
The number of individuals who are apprehended on the border has fluctuated in the past several years with the sharpest decline in 2017, when 303,916 people were apprehended. The U.S. Customs and Border Protection reports the number by fiscal year. So far in Fiscal Year 2018, 252,187 people have been caught at the Southwest border. These figures include unaccompanied children and family members.
42.2 millionImmigrants in the United States
There are an estimated 42.2 million immigrants in United States. That includes those who are here legally and illegally.
About 11 millionImmigrants out of status
Anyone following immigration issues also is likely to run into the 11 million figure for the total of the unauthorized population, though that estimate has decreased to 10.8 million as of 2016, according to the Center for Migration Studies in Manhattan. This figure represents the best estimate of the overall population of immigrants who are out of status, or living in the U.S. illegally. It includes DACA recipients, Dreamers, immigrant adults and unaccompanied minors, as well as people whose visas expired and didn’t leave — whether they initially came legally on temporary visas and fell out of status or they crossed the borders and entered through U.S. ports unlawfully from the get-go.
This is a widely accepted figure that uses statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau, visa records from the Department of Homeland Security’s U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, federal government economic surveys and calculations of margins of errors in those numbers.
527,000Immigrants on Long Island
There are about 296,000 immigrants in Nassau and about 231,000 immigrants in Suffolk, according to the latest four-year average from Census surveys.
99,000Immigrants out of status on Long Island
The Migration Policy Institute estimates 51,000 of those are in Suffolk County and 48,000 are in Nassau County, giving us about 99,000 immigrants without status on Long Island. In New York State, 850,000 immigrants are out of status.
690,000Dreamers currently in the program
This figure is rounded up from about 689,800 people who had current work permits as of September 2017 granted under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program. This means they are able to work and study here legally, but their work permits under the program are nearing some expiration date.
807,447The total number of immigrants who have been granted DACA protection
More than 800,000 people have applied for and have been granted DACA since the program’s creation in 2012, as of Jan. 31, 2018. Some of their work permits have expired, and some have not renewed their permits out of fear of immigration enforcement — thus, the lower 690,000 figure. However, they all were protected under DACA and still are in the government database for the program.
The Jan. 9 decision by U.S. District Court Judge William Alsup, for the time being, blocked the Trump administration’s plans to phase out DACA safeguards against deportation in a case being heard in San Francisco. That means DACA recipients are being allowed to apply for renewal of DACA protection. At present, because of the court order, those who apply for renewal and still qualify would get another two years of legal protection under the program. On Feb. 13, U.S. District Court Judge Nicholas Garaufis, in a case being heard in Brooklyn, reached a similar conclusion as Alsup in allowing the DACA renewals to continue for those who were already protected under the program.
–with Víctor Manuel Ramos and Raisa Carmago