Immigration in the U.S., on LI by the numbers

A breakdown of the various figures cited for the population of immigrants -- from DACA to unaccompanied minors and children separated from their parents.

Families that were separated at the border are just the latest in a string of immigration issues that provoked outcry across the country.

The Trump administration rescinded its family separation policy this week, but not before roughly 2,000 children were separated from their parents as they tried to cross into the United States.

Here’s a breakdown of immigration numbers in the United States and on Long Island:

2,053

separated minors in government-funded facilities

As of June 20, just over 2,000 children were being held in facilities funded by the Department of Health and Human Services, the office said in a news release on June 23. The majority of children in custody are unaccompanied minors who arrived in the United States without a parent or guardian, the release said. More than 2,300 children were separated from their parents under the “zero tolerance” policy until President Donald Trump signed an executive order June 20 ending family separation.

30

days given to the government to reunite families

A federal judge in San Diego ruled the Trump administration had up to 30 days to reunite families affected by the zero tolerance separation policy. It has just 10 days to reunite children under the age of 5.

522

children reunited with their parents

U.S. Customs and Border Protection reunited 522 “unaccompanied alien children in their custody who were separated from adults as part of the Zero Tolerance initiative,” according to the HHS news release. A “small number of children” will remain separated if familial relationships can’t be confirmed, the parent is believed to pose a threat or the parent has a committed a crime, the statement said.

8

the number of separated children on Long Island

The children are living at MercyFirst, a federally approved shelter in Syosset. There are 70 separated children at 10 sites throughout the state, said Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo when announcing a lawsuit he said the state plans to file against the Trump administration.

380,872

the average number of people apprehended at the border annually since 2014

The number of individuals who are apprehended at the border has fluctuated in the past several years with the sharpest decline in 2017, when 303,916 people were apprehended. The U.S. Customs and Border Protection reports the number by fiscal year. So far in fiscal year 2018, 252,187 people have been detained at the Southwest border. These figures include unaccompanied children and family members.

42.2 million

immigrants in the United States

There are an estimated 42.2 million immigrants in United States. That includes those who are here legally and illegally.

About 11 million

immigrants out of status

Anyone following immigration issues also is likely to run into the 11 million figure for the total of the unauthorized population, though that estimate has decreased to 10.8 million as of 2016, according to the Center for Migration Studies in Manhattan. This figure represents the best estimate of the overall population of immigrants who are out of status, or living in the U.S. illegally. It includes DACA recipients, Dreamers, immigrant adults and unaccompanied minors, as well as people whose visas expired and didn’t leave — whether they initially came legally on temporary visas and fell out of status or they crossed the borders and entered through U.S. ports unlawfully from the get-go.

This is a widely accepted figure that uses statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau, visa records from the Department of Homeland Security’s U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, federal government economic surveys and calculations of margins of errors in those numbers.

527,000

immigrants on Long Island

There are about 296,000 immigrants in Nassau and about 231,000 immigrants in Suffolk, according to the latest four-year average from Census surveys.

99,000

immigrants out of status on Long Island

The Migration Policy Institute estimates 51,000 of those are in Suffolk County and 48,000 are in Nassau County, giving us about 99,000 immigrants without status on Long Island. In New York State, 850,000 immigrants are out of status.

814,058

the total number of immigrants who have been granted DACA protection

More than 800,000 people have applied for and have been granted protections under Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals since the program’s creation in 2012, as of March 31, 2018. Some of their work permits have expired, and some have not renewed their permits out of fear of immigration enforcement — thus, the lower 690,000 figure of those currently in the program. However, they all were protected under DACA and still are in the government database for the program.

The Jan. 9 decision by U.S. District Court Judge William Alsup, for the time being, blocked the Trump administration’s plans to phase out DACA safeguards against deportation in a case being heard in San Francisco. That means DACA recipients are being allowed to apply for renewal of DACA protection. At present, because of the court order, those who apply for renewal and still qualify would get another two years of legal protection under the program. On Feb. 13, U.S. District Court Judge Nicholas Garaufis, in a case being heard in Brooklyn, reached a similar conclusion as Alsup in allowing the DACA renewals to continue for those who were already protected under the program.

–with Víctor Manuel Ramos, Raisa Camargo and AP