Racial Profiling

Newsday / News 12 Special Report

Minorities were more likely to land behind bars than whites for the same charge, data shows – even when more whites were arrested.

you’re driving in your car on
Long Island and you’re pulled over by police.

Your race or ethnicity
might play a role in what happens next.

During the past decade,
nonwhites were nearly

5X

more likely than whites
to be arrested after
“stop and frisk”-like
encounters with police.

They are almost

2X

as likely to be sentenced to jail,
even under charges in which
whites were arrested more.

Across Long Island, these charges are predominantly the result of pull-over traffic stops, experts say.

Police say these arrests are based on legally permissible causes or “reasonable suspicion” discretion by officers, part of an overall crime-reduction strategy.

But data show that nonwhites
get arrested and go to jail more often than would be expected

based on Long Island’s population.

73%

27%

Most Long Islanders are white.

73%

27%

Long Island population, 2005-2016

white

nonwhite

37%

But most people arrested under “stop and frisk” charges are nonwhite.

63%

Breakdown of arrests, 2005-2016

white

nonwhite

Newsday / News 12 examined
100,000 cases
of “stop and frisk” arrests and 70,000
sentencings.

A pattern emerged.

Nonwhites make up a higher percentage
overall of those arrested and those who go to jail.

Here’s how the charges break down:

The “stop and frisk” charge with the highest number of arrests – 53,000 in the last decade — breaks down differently.

Overall, whites are arrested more, but nonwhites went to jail more for criminal possession of a controlled substance.

Nonwhites
were more likely to be arrested
on felony charges and sent to jail.

When it comes to the misdemeanor charge, punishable by up to one year in jail but more often by a fine or probation, whites make up the majority of arrests.

Yet, of 41,000 misdemeanor cases, a higher percentage of the nonwhite arrests ended in jail time compared with white arrests.

Here’s how

Controlled Substance: Arrests

Controlled Substance: Prosecuted

Controlled Substance: Jail Time










These 100 dots represent the 26,000 white arrests

88 out of 100 white cases go to court

26 out of 100 white cases end in jail.










These 100 dots represent the 15,000 nonwhite arrests

92 out of 100 nonwhite cases go to court

46 out of 100 nonwhite cases end in jail.

Controlled Substance: Arrests










These 100 dots represent the 26,000 white arrests










These 100 dots represent the 15,000 nonwhite arrests

The charge is punishable by up to 1 year in jail. But not everyone charged ends up there.

Controlled Substance: Prosecuted










88 out of 100 white cases go to court










92 out of 100 nonwhite cases go to court

The district attorney’s office decides which cases get prosecuted. Some get dropped.

Controlled Substance: Prosecuted










88 out of 100 white cases go to court










92 out of 100 nonwhite cases go to court

Of the cases that end in convictions, some get probation or a fine. Others go to jail.

Controlled Substance: Jail Time










26 out of 100 white cases end in jail.










46 out of 100 nonwhite cases end in jail.

Even when more whites got arrested, nonwhites went to jail more often.


Read the full story
See our data

Methodology:

Newsday obtained 100,000 arrest cases and 70,000 sentencing records of 33 “stop and frisk” criminal charges from 2005 to 2016 through a request made to the New York Division of Criminal Justice Services.

Local police and court officials report to the state arrests and as well as outcomes – whether the individual was convicted or not and if convicted, what punishment they faced.

In case where an individual is arrested with multiple charges, the state records only the most serious charge he or she faced at the time of the arrest. If someone is charged with a felony and a misdemeanor, only the felony charge is counted towards the state record. If an individual is arrested with multiple kinds of misdemeanors, only the most serious misdemeanor is recorded.

The state records did not indicate whether an arrested individual had a prior conviction.

An individual can be arrested and the case adjudicated more than once in a given year. While the state could not provide Newsday with the breakdown of such instances for the 33 charges Newsday has looked at, it estimated that 10 percent of all criminal dispositions consisted of people with multiple dispositions in 2015 on Long Island.

In addition, the Nassau County Police department did not properly report Hispanic arrests to New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services for six years, from 2007 to 2012.

Newsday compared the rate of arrests for whites and nonwhites by comparing the number of arrests for each racial group to the Census Bureau population. The state has five racial groups: White, Black, Hispanic, Asian/Indian, Other-Unknown Race. Newsday calculated the rate of sentencing by comparing the number of those who were sentenced jail or prison time to those who were arrested. Newsday also looked at the racial make-up of all 33 misdemeanor and felony arrests, and those who were sentenced for each arrest charge.

Production Credit: Erin Geismar, TC McCarthy, James Stewart, Will Welch

Top photo credit: iStock/m-imagephotography; stock photo posed by models

Teacher Makeover 2017

Calling all teachers Do you want a back-to-school makeover?

Yes, we know school just got out, but before long we’ll be thinking about going back. And back-to-school is NOT just about the kids. We’re looking for teachers who could use a makeover and are willing to take a day to get primped and model the season’s trends. What’s in it for you? A little fame (you’ll appear on our fashion pages) and some guidance on hair, makeup and how to dress better.

Nominate yourself or, if you know someone who fits the bill, tell us. Send us a couple of sentences on why you or your nominee needs a makeover, along with a recent photo.

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Experience 10 of Long Island’s best restaurants

Experience 10 of Long Island’s
Best Restaurants

While enjoying a meal at your favorite restaurant, have you ever wondered what’s going on inside the kitchen? Get a behind-the-scenes look at some of LI’s top eateries with the videos below. Hit play and drag the video left, right, up or down for a 360 view without leaving your living room.

Arata Sushi

Recommended Dish: The “Invincible Sandwich” Roll

From the outside, it looks like a hundred other Long Island sushi restaurants. Read More Inside, it’s got neither glitz nor glam. All the fireworks at Arata Sushi in Syosset are behind the sushi bar, where chef-owner Jimmy Lian, alumnus of New York’s vaunted Nobu, prepares pristine, innovative sushi that never crosses the line into wackadoo over-orchestration. Try the omakase — the chef’s choice of what’s best from the market that day, which may include white tuna with salsa verde and fluke with onion salsa; ceviche-packed fish tacos; or the signature “invincible sandwich roll” with salmon, avocado, flyingfish roe and Lian’s own “special sauce.” They don’t encourage lingering at Arata — there are too many people waiting to get in. Read Less

Yelp Rating






BBD’s – Beers, Burgers, Desserts

Recommended Dish: Griddle burger

Ralph Perrazzo named his restaurant for his three great obsessions: beers, burgers and desserts. Read More On the beer front, he’s got a state-of-the-art tap system with 28 beers on tap, one cask brew and more than 90 beers by the bottle. Burgers are done three ways: “steakhouse style” — a full 12 ounces grilled over live coals; griddled — seared to crispness on a hot flat-top; and steamed, for those who always wondered what White Castle would be like if the beef were fantastic. Killer desserts include banana splits and overstuffed s’mores. Since he opened in 2013, the restless Perrazzo has also developed some new obsessions . . . er menu items: wings and ramen. But BBDWR’s seemed like too clunky a name. Read Less

Yelp Rating






Bigelow’s

Recommended Dish: Fried Ipswich clams

Along a distinctly nonmaritime stretch of Sunrise Highway in Rockville Centre is one of Long Island’s most iconic seafood eateries: Read More Bigelow’s — essentially 30 stools and one long counter curving around a Fryolator station — which seems not to have changed since it opened in 1939: It’s a lean, mean, seafood-frying machine. All the fried seafood here is recommended — whiting, shrimp, calamari, smelts, oysters, scallops — but the undisputed stars of the show are the fried Ipswich clams, soft-shell and with the bellies still attached. The clams are tender, nutty, delicate, crisp — everything that makes fried soft-shell clams one of the world’s absolute best things to eat. Brothers Anthony and Christo Andreolas also do a fine job with Manhattan clam chowder. Read Less

Yelp Rating





Biscuits & Barbecue

Recommended Dish: Peach cobbler a la mode

Everyone who happens upon Biscuits & Barbeque wants to think it’s their own little secret: Read More a vintage railroad-car diner on a forlorn block at the edge of a Mineola’s industrial park that serves robust Louisiana cooking and smokehouse barbecue. But after five years, the secret is out. Cajun favorites include grapefruit-sized biscuits blanketed with creamy andouille sausage gravy; house-made potato chips topped with spicy chicken jambalaya; Louisiana gulf shrimp and grits; and all manner of po’ boys. From the smokehouse: ribs, pulled pork and chickens. Don’t leave without a slice of homemade pie. Read Less

Yelp Rating






Hendrick’s Tavern

Recommended Dish: Rack of lamb with a panko crust

With its timbered ceilings and rich leather accents, Hendrick’s Tavern looks like a country inn that’s been there forever; Read More in fact it dates only from 2012, when brothers George and Gillis Poll transformed the historic but rundown George Washington Manor into a favored watering hole among Roslyn’s smart set (with a parking lot to prove it — no Kia Sorrentos here). The venue sprawls with multiple dining rooms and bars, and more rooms and bars for catered events. The food shoots for classic, and scores. Among executive chef Mitch SuDock’s winners: Kobe beef hot dog wrapped in puff pastry (in other words, an $18 pig in a blanket), lobster-truffle mac-and-cheese, steaks, chops, and, yes, spaghetti and meatballs.Read Less

Yelp Rating






Kyma

Recommended Dish: Grilled octopus

Drive by Kyma any night of the week and silhouetted through the tall windows you’ll see most of Roslyn enjoying themselves. Read More But not only is this Greek eatery the hottest spot in town, it’s also one of Long Island’s best fish restaurants. Displayed in the dining room on a bed of ice is a collection of whole fish that usually includes black sea bass, royal dorado, pompano, red snapper, pink snapper, branzino, octopus, calamari and langoustines. Of course there’s also salmon, tuna and swordfish, and a good selection of steaks and chops too. All of these get expertly grilled over live coals by executive chef Chris Kletsides. Managing partner Reno Christou said Kyma (“waves” in Greek) was inspired not just by the Greek islands, but by “good times on vacation at a little tavern at any seaside resort.” Read Less

Yelp Rating






Maple Tree BBQ

Recommended Dish: House-smoked pastrami

Heading east on Route 25, the scent of smoke signals you have reached Maple Tree BBQ. Read More Over the last eight years, the little free-standing building opposite the Peconic River has evolved from a deli with a smoker out back to a proper barbecue restaurant. Last year, Andrea Glick and Dennis O’Leary bought the place, spruced up the dining room and installed even more smokers out back. In addition to smoked ribs, brisket, pulled pork and chickens, Maple Tree also puts out pastrami and pulled chicken as well as smoked chili and smoked clam chowder, plus sandwiches and soft-corn tacos. You could do worse than to fill an insulated food carrier with barbecue and head a few miles farther east for a picnic lunch at your favorite North Fork winery. Read Less

Yelp Rating






Mosaic

Recommended Dish: Barbecued prawn eggroll

Other restaurants offer a chef’s tasting menu; at Mosaic in St. James, that’s all there is. Read More Other restaurants change their menus occasionally; Mosaic changes it nightly. The meal you are served depends entirely on the market, the season and the whims of chef-owners Jonathan Contes and Tate Morris, who often pick up their produce, fish and meat on the way to work. Count on five artfully wrought plates that usually include a salad, fish, pasta, red meat and dessert sampler. The restaurant is resolutely modest: 30 comfortable seats in a small, quiet dining room. All the flash comes from the tiny kitchen, where Contes and Morris work in near silence with only a dishwasher to help them. Read Less

Yelp Rating





Thomas’ Ham & Eggery

Recommended Dish: Pulled pork sandwich melt

When Tom Koukoulas took over Thomas’s Ham ’N’ Eggery in 1984, he was three owners removed from the original Thomas, who established the diner in 1946. Read More But 33 year later, he has earned the right to have his name immortalized on the vintage neon sign, a landmark on Old Country Road. Where most Long Island diners compete to have the biggest menus — everything from chef salads to shrimp scampi — Thomas’s focuses on breakfast (albeit breakfast served from 6 a.m. to the 9 p.m. closing). Oatmeal is slow-cooked in big vats; cakes, pies and muffins are made from scratch in a distinctly non-industrial-sized five-quart KitchenAid; and most of the egg dishes are served in individual, stainless-steel skillets, many of which were acquired by the original Thomas and kept in gleaming condition by the current Thomas’s diligent (and elbow-grease-endowed) kitchen crew. Read Less

Yelp Rating






Verde Wine Bar & Ristorante

Recommended Dish: Cod puttanesca

Papa Joe’s pizzeria occupied this workaday location for 20 years before Anthony Carcaterra, the owners’ son, transformed it into a New American restaurant and bistro in 2014. Read More The architectural bones of the pizzeria are still visible (and every entree still comes with a free salad — old habits die hard), but chef James Ahern’s menu is exceedingly modern. He’s got a thing for offal: starters include veal sweetbreads with speck and sage, and rabbit kidneys with ciabatta bread. Or hang out in the separate bar area and sip one of Verde’s imaginative cocktails such as the Penicillin, with Corsair Triple Smoke Bourbon, ginger, honey and lemon. Verde’s terrific wine list is all American, with one of Long Island’s best selections of Long Island wines. Read Less

Yelp Rating





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Credit: Interactive editor: Alison Bernicker | Design: Matthew Cassella | Development: James Stewart | Video shooters: Jeff Basinger, Raychel Brightman, Chuck Fadely, Megan Miller | Video editor: Matt Golub | Video producer: Jessica Kelley | Reported by: Erica Marcus

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Newsday in 2016 exposed secret political and legal dealings on Long Island that kept vital information from the public view.

These three investigations are prime examples: the case of a lawyer convicted of a drug felony who later had his charges reduced and got his law license back; the routine and often improper sealing of court cases of interest to the public; and the behind-the-scenes political jockeying that leads to judge candidates running unopposed in Long Island elections.

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How hundreds of court cases are blocked from view

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Which rule would you change in baseball?

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Which rule would you change in baseball?

Professional baseball has been around for almost 150 years, but the rules look far different now than they did back in 1869. Most of those are for the better, but the rules of the game have long been a topic for debate. As more rule changes are considered, what suggestions would you have for Major League Baseball?

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The Politics of Corruption: James Burke

Ex-Suffolk County Police Chief James Burke

James Burke

Convicted of: Assault, cover-up

Background: After a career that spanned nearly three decades, James Burke was arrested in December 2015 for orchestrating an elaborate scheme to conceal his own crime, Feds said. Burke, who was named Suffolk police chief in 2012, beat a heroin-addicted man who stole a duffel bag from his police-issued vehicle, officials said. He was sentenced in November 2016 to serve 46 months in prison. Burke is appealing his sentence, according to court papers. Read more

“I thought you were untouchable…Now look at us both, we are both incarcerated. The difference, besides the fact that my sentence is about to end and yours is only beginning, is that my actions reflected only me. … Your crimes revealed deep problems in the entire Suffolk County law enforcement community.”, The victim, Christopher Loeb

“Through my 31-year career in law enforcement, I have always believed that one must be accountable for one’s actions…This morning, sir, I stand before you accountable for my actions.” James Burke in a statement to a judge

The latest on the Burke case

Aug. 4, 2017: Burke accuser charged with violating order of protection
Aug. 4, 2017: Burke accuser charged with violating order of protection
May 9, 2017: Sources: Drugs found in ex-Suffolk police chief Burke’s prison cell
April 26, 2017: Attorneys: Christopher Loeb indictment should be thrown out
April 1, 2017: Brown: Several investigations of Long Island public officials underway
Jan. 31, 2017: Christopher Loeb goes free as guilty plea is set aside
Dec. 21, 2016: ‘Numerous’ cops pleaded guilty in James Burke cover-up, court papers say
Nov. 16, 2016: James Burke, ex-Suffolk police chief, appealing prison sentence
Nov. 2, 2016: Ex-Suffolk police chief James Burke gets 46 months in prison
Oct. 31, 2016: Prosecutors recommend 51-month jail sentence for James Burke
Oct. 28, 2016: James Burke asks for no prison so he can care for ill mom
Sept. 9, 2016: Former Suffolk police chief James Burke sentencing date set
May 3, 2016: Steve Bellone was warned James Burke’s past would lead to scandal
Feb. 2, 2016: James Burke, ex-Suffolk police chief, offered plea deal of about 5 years, sources say
Dec. 9, 2015: James Burke’s arrest generates disappointment, concern in Suffolk
Dec. 10, 2016: Janison: Suffolk’s official puzzles are piling up
Dec. 10, 2015: James Burke, ex-Suffolk police chief, charged in assault, cover-up
Dec. 8, 2015: James Burke, former Suffolk police chief of department, indicted, sources say
Oct. 27, 2015: Suffolk Police Chief James Burke resigns as federal probe reopens
Nov. 7, 2013: Man at center of case with top Suffolk cop Burke says chief, other cops beat him
Oct. 24, 2013: Testimony: Burke left crime scene with duffel bag
July 13, 2013: Culture of cover-up: How deep is it?
June 27, 2013: Editorial: Suffolk chief crossed line of good judgment
June 25, 2013: Sources: FBI probing Suffolk Chief of Police James Burke
June 14, 2013: Police: Chief went to theft suspect’s home
June 14: 2013: Man accused of stealing police gun belt, ammo in St. James


Other LI officials charged with abuse of power

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The Politics of Corruption on Long Island

8 public officials charged with abuse of power

Over the past few years, government investigations have led to the arrests of Long Island politicians charged with crimes ranging from assault to bribery. Some of these cases resulted in convictions, while others are ongoing. Follow Newsday’s latest coverage on the most prominent cases here.

The County Executive

Edward Mangano

Charges: Conspiracy to commit bribery, fraud, obstruction of justice and extortion

Background: Six years after taking over as Nassau’s top official, Edward Mangano was arrested in October 2016 and accused of receiving “bribes and kickbacks” from businessman Harendra Singh. Mangano’s wife, Linda, was arrested alongside him on charges that she received a lucrative no-show job from Singh, Feds said. His trial date is set for January 2018.Read more

“Sadly, we’re getting confronted with public officials who are alleged to have abused their positions of trust.” U.S. Attorney Robert L. Capers

“It’s ridiculous, but I can’t say any more…I’m going to continue to govern. I’m going to go to work.” Edward Mangano

More Stories

The Town Supervisor

John Venditto

Federal charges: Conspiracy to commit bribery, fraud, obstruction of justice, making false statements to federal agents

State charges: Corrupt use of position or authority, official misconduct, conspiracy, defrauding the government

Background: Oyster Bay Town Supervisor John Venditto was arrested alongside Mangano in October 2016. Venditto pleaded not guilty, and resigned in January. In June 2017, Venditto and seven other Oyster Bay officials were accused by Nassau DA Madeline Singas of “bribery, money laundering and a crooked multimillion-dollar property deal.” He also pleaded not guilty to these charges. His trial date on the federal charges is slated for 2018.Read more

“Mr. Mangano and Mr. Venditto received bribes and kickbacks from their co-conspirator on an on-demand basis or as opportunities arose in connection with business dealings.” U.S. Attorney Robert L. Capers

“When you know in your heart that you didn’t do the things you were accused of, it makes it a little easier to handle.” John Venditto

More Stories

The Councilman

Edward Ambrosino

Charges: Income tax evasion, wire fraud

Background: After more than a decade on the Hempstead Town Board, Councilman Edward Ambrosino was accused of failing to pay more than $250,000 in income taxes, much of which came from jobs performed for Nassau County. Feds said Ambrosino, a lawyer, siphoned off money for two years to a shell company and underreported his earnings. In the week following Ambrosino’s arrest, the Nassau County IDA dropped him as one of their attorneys. He pleaded not guilty to the charges.Read more

“Public officials are not exempt from paying their fair share of taxes and otherwise complying with the laws of the United States, just like any other citizen.”Acting U.S. attorney for the Eastern District Bridget Rohde

“I believe the case revolves around Mr. Ambrosino’s tax returns that he has already amended. If he was ‘Ed Public’ rather than ‘Ed Politician,’ we wouldn’t be in this situation.”Defense attorney Dennis Lemke

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The Police Chief

James Burke

Convicted of: Assault, cover-up

Background: After a career that spanned nearly three decades, James Burke was arrested in December 2015 for orchestrating an elaborate scheme to conceal his own crime, Feds said. Burke, who was named Suffolk police chief in 2012, beat a heroin-addicted man who stole a duffel bag from his police-issued vehicle, officials said. He was sentenced in November 2016 to serve 46 months in prison. Burke is appealing his sentence, according to court papers. Read more

“I thought you were untouchable…Now look at us both, we are both incarcerated. The difference, besides the fact that my sentence is about to end and yours is only beginning, is that my actions reflected only me. … Your crimes revealed deep problems in the entire Suffolk County law enforcement community.” The victim, Christopher Loeb

“Through my 31-year career in law enforcement, I have always believed that one must be accountable for one’s actions…This morning, sir, I stand before you accountable for my actions.” James Burke in a statement to a judge

More Stories

The State Senator

Dean Skelos

Charges: Tax evasion

Background: Former State Sen. Dean Skelos was convicted in December 2015 of using his Senate power to help his son Adam get jobs and payments from businesses. The 20-year senator and second Long Islander to lead the N.Y. Senate majority pressured three companies to give jobs, fees and benefits worth $300,000 to Adam, doing favors in Albany for the companies in return, prosecutors said. He also intervened with Nassau County to help one of the companies on a contract. In September 2017, an appeals court overturned the conviction. The acting U.S. attorney, Joon Kim, said his office will pursue a retrial.Read more

“To the extent you wish to do community service…you can teach others in prison.”Manhattan U.S. District Judge Kimba Wood

“It’s destroyed my reputation…Somehow I let things go off the rails.”Dean Skelos

More Stories

The Conservative party leader

Edward Walsh

Convicted of: Wire fraud and theft of government funds

Background: While at the helm of the Suffolk County Conservative Party, Edward Walsh golfed, gambled and politicked on the county’s dime, Feds said. Walsh was convicted in March 2016 for illegally collecting more than $200,000 in pay and overtime pay he didn’t earn. His conviction sparked a battle over leadership within the party he once led. Walsh was sentenced to two years in prison and was ordered to make $202,000 in restitution on June 20, 2017.Read more

“[Walsh] thought he was special…He thought he could rig the game so the rules didn’t apply to him.” Prosecutor Raymond Tierney

“We’re disappointed in the judge’s decision, but we respect it.” Attorney William Wexler after judge denies conviction overturn

More Stories

The Town Commissioner

Frederick Ippolito

Convicted of: Tax evasion (federal)

Charged with: Money laundering (state), defrauding the government (state), bribe receiving (state), official misconduct (state), theft of services (state) and receiving reward for official misconduct (state)

Background: Ex-Oyster Bay official Frederick Ippolito pleaded guilty in January 2016 in connection with $2 million in outside consulting fees he received while working as the town’s planning and development commissioner. While the judge acknowledged Ippolito informed the town Board of Ethics of his arrangement, he said board members should have known better. Ippolito died in prison on June 5, 2017, while appealing his sentence. Less than a month later, Ippolito was charged with receiving $1.6 million in bribes, some of which are the same funds at the center of his federal case, to help construct a senior housing development, Nassau DA Madeline Singas said. A judge ended that criminal case in September 2017.Read more

“When he is getting over $2 million from someone he’s supposed to be regulating…that’s certainly a conflict.” U.S. District Judge Leonard Wexler

“While certainly we are gratified that the court did not largely enhance the sentence, we are concerned with the manner in which the court arrived at the sentence.”Attorney Brian Griffin after the sentencing

More Stories

The Town Democratic leader

Gerard Terry

Charges: Tax evasion

Background: Gerard Terry, leader of the North Hempstead Democratic Party, concocted a complex scheme to avoid paying federal taxes totaling over $1.4 million since 2000, officials said. He did so while earning more than $250,000 a year. Terry pleaded not guilty to two federal tax-evasion-related charges. In September 2017, Terry pleaded guilty to a state charge of tax fraud. He admitted he failed to file a 2010 state personal income tax return and did not pay more than $3,000 in taxes. He is scheduled to be sentenced on that charge in November 2017. Read more

“Terry has manipulated and enlisted others in his obstructionist practices.”Letter in his indictment

The tax situation was the result of a “cascading series of serious health issues,” Terry has said, citing his open heart surgery, and he promised to settle with the IRS.

More Stories

Producer: Heather Doyle

Designer: James Stewart

Photo credits: James Carbone, Charles Eckert, Ed Betz and Howard Schnapp