Hillary Clinton, the former secretary of state, looks to bookend a political career defined by firsts — first lady of Arkansas, first lady of the United States, first woman elected to the U.S. Senate in New York — by becoming the first female U.S. president. Clinton, 69, the wife of former President Bill Clinton, captured the Democratic nomination in June, after a long primary battle against Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders. Raised in the Illinois suburb of Park Ridge by her father, Hugh, the owner of a small textile business, and her mother, Dorothy, Clinton grew up in a Republican household, and volunteered for Republican Barry Goldwater’s failed 1964 presidential campaign. Inspired by the work the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., Clinton decided to register as a Democrat in 1968. She graduated from Wellesley College in 1969 and Yale Law School in 1973, where she met her husband. The couple married in 1975, and she gave birth to their daughter Chelsea in 1980. As first lady of Arkansas for 12 years, she chaired the state’s educational standards committee, working to establish state curriculum and classroom size standards. During Bill Clinton’s two terms as president, she held an office in the West Wing of the White House, near the Oval Office, bucking the long-standing tradition of first wives using the East Wing. In 2000, she was elected to the U.S. Senate, where she pushed for federal funding to help New York and first responders in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center. She lost her first Democratic primary bid for president in 2008 to Barack Obama. Obama appointed Clinton to his cabinet as secretary of state, a position she held from 2009 to 2013. In 2015, Clinton announced her second run for the White House. Clinton has experienced several controversies since entering the public spotlight. In 1993, she led the unsuccessful effort to pass a universal health care plan in Congress. She also came under fire for defending her husband’s alleged marital affairs. She has come under scrutiny for using a private email server while conducting business as secretary of state, and has repeatedly called the server’s use a “mistake.” An FBI probe described Clinton’s use of the server as “extremely careless,” but found no evidence of criminality.