Gun laws passed in 2018

State legislatures in 2018 passed a variety of laws limiting or expanding gun rights.

The Valentine’s Day shooting that killed 14 students and three staff members at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Florida prompted students and parents to rally for gun control legislation in a way not seen after previous mass shootings. The Florida Legislature and governor responded with a package of gun-control laws that was unusually aggressive for a state dominated by Republicans, raising hopes among advocates for tougher laws in other states.

A state-by-state examination by The Associated Press found that no other Republican-led state came close in enacting gun-control measures this year than Florida, which imposed a three-day waiting period to buy firearms and raised the purchasing age from 18 to 21, among other steps. Some did enact laws banning bump stocks, the device used in last year’s Las Vegas shooting, or allowing police to temporarily seize guns from individuals showing signs of mental instability or violence. And some states responded by expanding gun rights, making it easier for people to get a concealed carry permit or adding to the list of places where people can legally carry a gun. Some state took no action at all.

The table below details 126 bills passed by state legislatures in 2018. Here are some common categories:

  • Disqualifies more from owning guns: imposes restrictions or bans on certain people.
  • Increases criminal penalties: for certain gun-related crimes.
  • Retired officers / guns and rules: enhances or restricts laws for retired law enforcement officers.
  • Would allow more to carry guns: lifts restrictions or bans on certain people.
  • Bump-stock ban: Prevents sale of this rapid-fire device.
  • Red flag law: allowing authorities to remove firearms from people deemed dangerous or unstable.
  • Gun surrender or seizure procedures: specifying how and when firearms must be surrendered.
  • Guns on school grounds: expands or restricts the right to carry a firearm on school property.
  • Guns in churches: lets people lawfully carry a firearm in those places.
  • Stand your ground / self_defense: expands a law allowing people to fire a weapon in self-defense.
  • Expands background checks: adds to the types of gun purchases requiring a background check.

Top 10 categories for 2018 gun laws

State legislatures passed 126 pieces of legislation involving guns. Five were vetoed and two more, in California, are awaiting action by the governor. Here are the top categories for bills that were enacted.

Search all 126 bills enacted

This table contains details on all 126 bills passed by legislatures in 2018, including those vetoed and still pending. They start with the category "Disqualifying more from owning guns" because that includes the one law enacted in New York State, a bill by a Republican senator from Nassau County. To rearrange the list, you can filter by putting "category" wording into the search box, change the search parameter to filter by state, disposition or description; and you can change the order of the list by double clicking on the column headings. And after you've finished with the database, you can find out more about state gun legislation.

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state Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) category disposition Bill title and description
state NY Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Sen. Elaine Phillips (R-Flower Hill), (D) category Disqualifying more from owning guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Possession of Weapons by Domestic Violence Offenders: Adds misdemeanor domestic violence crimes to the list of those that forfeit gun rights; requires long guns to be surrendered just like handguns in cases involving protection orders and conviction of serious offenses
state AZ Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Farnsworth (R), (R) category Disqualifying more from owning guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Protective Orders: Requires courts to register injunctions against harassment and protection orders with the NCIC database within 24 hours of the filing; critics worry it will take away gun rights for those in disputes
state CA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Ting (D), (D) category Disqualifying more from owning guns; Red flag law; Gun surrender / seizure proceedings; disposition Pending Bill title and description Gun violence restraining order: Awaiting governor's decision. Lets a colleague, mental health worker or school employee request a gun violence restraining order.
state CA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Low (D), (D) category Disqualifying more from owning guns; Red flag law; Gun surrender / seizure proceedings; disposition Pending Bill title and description Mental Health: Firearms: Awaiting governor's decision. Permanently bars gun ownership by those hospitalized for suicide prevention twice in one year.
state FL Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Rules Cmt (NA), (R) category Disqualifying more from owning guns; Bump-stock ban; Red flag law; Guns on school grounds disposition Enacted Bill title and description School Public Safety: Bans bump stocks, raise purchasing age from 18 to 21, imposes 3-day waiting period for gun purchases, creates risk protection orders allowing police to seize guns from persons who are deemed threats to themselves or others; creates new Office of Safe Schools
state KS Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Federal and State Affairs Cmt (NA), (R) category Disqualifying more from owning guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Possession of a Firearm by Certain Individuals: Bars fugitives, immigrants illegally in the United States, persons convicted of misdemeanor domestic violence within the past 5 years, and persons subject to restraining orders from possessing weapons
state LA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Smith P (D), (D) category Disqualifying more from owning guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Crime: Defendants who are the subject of stalking protective orders are prohibited from possessing guns while it's in effect
state LA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Morrell (D), (D) category Disqualifying more from owning guns; Increases criminal penalties disposition Enacted Bill title and description Weapons: Makes clear that possessing, carrying or purchasing a firearm is a violation of a protective order; increases penalty for fraudulent purchases or ammunition to up to 20 years in prison; creates the crime of illegal transfer of a firearm to a prohibited person
state LA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) White (R), (D) category Disqualifying more from owning guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Criminal Procedure: Changes state law to match federal law and declare that anyone who has been found not guilty by reason of insanity automatically loses the right to possess firearms; they can petition for review after 10 years
state NE Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Wayne (NP), (R) category Disqualifying more from owning guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Offense of Juvenile Firearm Possession: Prohibits juveniles who have been adjudicated of certain crimes from possessing firearms until age 25, with some exceptions
state OH Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Sykes (D), (R) category Disqualifying more from owning guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Dating Violence Protection Orders: Expands civil protection orders to dating partners; those subject to the orders may not buy firearms
state OR Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Office of the Governor (D), (D) category Disqualifying more from owning guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Relationships Status for Court Orders: Makes a stalking conviction a crime which causes a gun rights prohibition; requires state police to notify federal, state and local agencies when somebody fails a background check; extends state's handgun dealer regulations to all firearm dealers
state TN Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Farmer (R), (R) category Disqualifying more from owning guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Domestic Violence: Expands the definition of domestic violence crimes that result in the loss of gun rights
state UT Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Weiler (R), (R) category Disqualifying more from owning guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Relationship Violence and Offenses Amendments: Expands the definition of domestic violence crimes that trigger the loss of gun rights
state VA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Deeds (D), (D) category Disqualifying more from owning guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Involuntary Mental Health Treatment: Minors who are 14 and older and subject to mental health treatment are subject to same restrictions on possessing firearms as adults
state VT Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Sears (D), (R) category Disqualifying more from owning guns; Bump-stock ban; Expanding background checks disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms: Requires background checks on most private firearms sales; raise buying age with some exceptions to 21; bans high-capacity magazines at 10 rounds for a long gun or 15 for a handgun; bans bump stocks
state WA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Dhingra (D), (D) category Disqualifying more from owning guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Possessing a Firearm: Adds domestic violence harassment to the list of offenses for which a person is prohibited from possessing firearms
state AL Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Shiver (R), (R) category Retired officers / guns and rules disposition Enacted Bill title and description Local Legislation: Allows retired Baldwin County Sheriff's office employees to receive a free firearm from the department
state AL Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Holley (R), (R) category Retired officers / guns and rules disposition Enacted Bill title and description Possession of Firearms: Exempts retired law enforcement officers from an existing law that prohibits people from bringing firearms into certain venues, such as courthouses, health care facilities and sports arenas.
state CA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Lackey (R), (D) category Retired officers / guns and rules disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms: Retired Peace Officers: Exempts honorably retired police officers from the state ban on large-capacity magazine ownership
state CO Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Valdez (D), (D) category Increases criminal penalties disposition Enacted Bill title and description Penalty for Burglary of Firearms: Strengthens the crime of burglary of firearms to a class 3 felony and increase the minimum fine to $5,000
state CT Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Joint Judiciary (NA), (D) category Bump stock ban disposition Enacted Bill title and description Bump Stock Ban: Ban on bump stocks
state DE Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Mitchell (D), (D) category Increases criminal penalties disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearm Purchase: Increases to a Class E felony the crime of 'straw purchases' for unqualified gun owners, making jail time more likely
state DE Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Bentz (D), (D) category Red flag law disposition Enacted Bill title and description Lethal Violence Protection Order: Creates lethal violence protection orders that can be sought by law enforcement or family members to temporarily strip firearms from individuals who are a danger to themselves or others
state DE Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Longhurst (D), (D) category Bump stock ban disposition Enacted Bill title and description Destructive Weapons: Ban on bump stocks
state DE Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Bentz (D), (D) category Gun surrender / seizure proceedings disposition Enacted Bill title and description Mental Illness and Firearms: Sets out procedures for seizing firearms and ammunition from individuals who are mentally ill and potentially dangerous to self or others
state GA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Strickland (R), (R) category Increases criminal penalties disposition Enacted Bill title and description Criminal Justice System Reform: Increases penalties for the crimes of theft of firearms, transferring firearms to prohibited persons, using an altered identificaiton mark on a firearm
state GA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Petrea (R), (R) category Increases criminal penalties disposition Enacted Bill title and description Dangerous Instrumentalities and Practices: Increases criminal penalties to people who knowingly give guns to ineligible felons
state HI Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Rhoads (D), (D) category Bump stock ban disposition Enacted Bill title and description Trigger Modification Devices: Ban on bump stocks
state HI Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Nishihara (D), (D) category Gun surrender / seizure proceedings disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms: Requires those who are disqualified from gun ownership to voluntarily surrender their firearms and ammunition within 7 days
state ID Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) State Affairs Cmt (NA), (R) category Retired officers / guns and rules; Guns on school grounds disposition Enacted Bill title and description Concealed Weapon Provisions: Allows retired law enforcement officers to carry concealed weapons in otherwise restricted places like schools and stadiums
state ID Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) State Affairs Cmt (NA), (R) category Stand your ground / self-defense disposition Enacted Bill title and description Self Defense Homicide Provisions: Expands the 'Stand Your Ground' law
state IL Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Willis (D), (R) category Red flag law disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms Restraining Orders: Creates firearms restraining orders. Family or household members and police can petition to temporarily strip gun rights from those who are potentially dangerous
state KY Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Seum (R), (R) category Increases criminal penalties disposition Enacted Bill title and description Possession of a Firearm by a Felon: Increases penalties for possession of a firearm by a felon when the felon commits a gun crime
state LA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Stagni (R), (D) category Increases criminal penalties disposition Enacted Bill title and description Crime and Felonies: Adds the possibility of 'hard labor' to the sentence for the crime of illegally supplying a felon with a firearm
state LA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Hazel (R), (D) category Retired officers / guns and rules disposition Enacted Bill title and description Weapons and Firearms: Clarifies that retired officers who resigned amid a serious misconduct investigation are ineligible for concealed carry IDs
state LA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Miguez (R), (D) category Guns on school grounds disposition Enacted Bill title and description Weapons and Firearms: Allows persons with concealed handgun permits to carry within 1,000 feet of schools
state LA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Riser (R), (D) category Guns in churches disposition Enacted Bill title and description Concealed Handguns In Places Of Worship: Allows churches to designate armed security guards who are authorized to carry concealed weapons
state MA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Report of Conference Committee (NA), (R) category Red flag law disposition Enacted Bill title and description Extreme Risk Protection Orders: Creates extreme risk protection orders law
state MD Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Branch (D), (R) category Increases criminal penalties disposition Enacted Bill title and description Wearing, Carrying, Or Transporting Loaded Handgun: Those who are guilty of a second violation of illegally carrying a concealed handgun will face a mandatory minimum sentence of 1 year in prison
state MD Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Valentino-Smith (D), (R) category Red flag law disposition Enacted Bill title and description Public Safety - Extreme Risk Protective Orders: Allows police, family or household members, and health care professionals to seek extreme risk protective orders for those who are considered dangerous
state MD Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Atterbeary (D), (R) category Gun surrender / seizure proceedings disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms Transfer: Requires written notice to defendants who are charged and convicted of crimes that will disqualify them from possessing guns; requires courts to order the defendants to surrender all firearms in their possession
state MD Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Ramirez (D), (R) category Bump stock ban disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearm Crimes: Bans bump stocks
state ME Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Dion (D), (R) category Red flag law disposition Vetoed Bill title and description High Risk Individuals and Firearms: Would have allowed courts to temporarily remove weapons from high-risk individuals who are in treatment programs and pose a threat to others or themselves
state NE Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Lowe (NP), (R) category Guns on school grounds disposition Enacted Bill title and description Unlawful Firearm Possession at School: Exempts members of college firearm teams from law banning firearms on school grounds
state NJ Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Lesniak (D), (R) category Bump stock ban disposition Enacted Bill title and description Criminal Penalties for Sale and Possession of Certain Firearm Components: Bans bump stocks, trigger cranks and gives owners 90- days to surrender them
state NJ Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Jones P (D), (D) category Gun surrender / seizure proceedings disposition Enacted Bill title and description Seizure of Firearms: Requires licensed health care professionals to tell law enforcement about patients who they believe may carry out an imminent act of physical violence; law enforcement then must investigate to determine whether the person should be disqualified from having them
state NJ Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) McKeon (D), (D) category Red flag law disposition Enacted Bill title and description Extreme Risk Protective Order Act: Establishes procedures for police and family/household members to obtain extreme risk protective orders against persons who pose a significant danger
state NJ Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Greenwald (D), (D) category Expanding background checks disposition Enacted Bill title and description Private Gun Sale Background Check: Requires background checks on all private sales and transfers of firearms, except those involving 'immediate family'
state NM Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Gentry (R), (R) category Increases criminal penalties disposition Enacted Bill title and description Public Safety: Increases the penalty for a felon in possession of a firearm or destructive device
state OK Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) West K (R), (R) category Retired officers / guns and rules disposition Enacted Bill title and description Retired Peace Officers: Clarifies that retired officers can carry firearms 'throughout' the state of Oklahoma
state OK Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Babinec (R), (R) category Guns in churches disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms: Gives citizens the right to carry in places of worship and use deadly force to protect against intruders
state OK Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Thompson (R), (R) category Retired officers / guns and rules disposition Enacted Bill title and description Retired Correctional Officer Firearm Purchases: Allows correctional officers to keep or buy their service guns upon retirement
state RI Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Craven (D), (D) category Bump stock ban disposition Enacted Bill title and description Semiautomatic Weapons: Bans bump stocks, binary triggers and trigger cranks; makes it a crime to possess them
state RI Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Canario (D), (D) category Red flag law disposition Enacted Bill title and description Extreme Risk Protection Orders Weapon: Allows law enforcement agencies to petition for 'extreme risk protection orders' allowing the removal of firearms from those who are a significant danger
state SD Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Brunner (R), (R) category Guns in churches; Guns on school grounds disposition Enacted Bill title and description Gun Carry Provisions: Allows people to carry guns for self-defense in private schools and churches
state TN Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Howell (R), (R) category Retired officers / guns and rules disposition Enacted Bill title and description Handgun Permits for Retired Law Enforcement Officers: Clarifies that retired officers qualifying for special lifetime handgun carry permits must have retired in good standing
state TN Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Towns (D), (R) category Stand your ground / self-defense disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms and Ammunition: Blocks municipalities from charging anyone with a crime if they discharge a firearm in self-defense or defense of another, defense of property, or to stop a crime from occuring
state TN Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Lundberg (R), (R) category Retired officers / guns and rules disposition Enacted Bill title and description Retired Bureau of Investigation Agents and Officers: Allows uniformed TBI officers who retire after 25 years of service to receive a card and the officer's service weapon
state UT Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Greene (R), (R) category Stand your ground / self-defense disposition Enacted Bill title and description Use of Force: Expands 'stand your ground'
state VA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Chase (R), (D) category Retired officers / guns and rules disposition Enacted Bill title and description Retired Law Enforcement Officers: Clarifies that retired law enforcement officers shall surrender their special handgun permits when they return to work as a law-enforcement officer
state VT Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Grad (D), (R) category Increases criminal penalties disposition Enacted Bill title and description Domestic Terrorism: Increases penalties for carrying dangerous weapons with intent to injure; increases penalties for possessing a firearm while on school property
state VT Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Grad (D), (R) category Gun surrender / seizure proceedings disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms Removal: Lets police seize firearms from people who are arrested for domestic assault under certain circumstances
state VT Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Sears (D), (R) category Red flag law disposition Enacted Bill title and description Extreme Risk Protection Orders: Allows state and local prosecutors to seek extreme risk protection orders
state WA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Pedersen (D), (D) category Gun surrender / seizure proceedings disposition Enacted Bill title and description Voluntary Waiver of Firearm Rights: Allows anyone to file vountary waivers of their firearm rights with the clerk of court in any county
state WA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Van De Wege (D), (D) category Bump stock ban disposition Enacted Bill title and description Bump Fire Stocks: Makes it a crime to manufacture, sell or possess bump fire stocks; establishes a buyback program
state WI Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Vukmir (R), (R) category Increases criminal penalties disposition Enacted Bill title and description Illegal Firearm Possession Minimum Incarceration: Creates a mandatory minimum 3-year prison term for the illegal possession of a firearm by certain offenders
state WI Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Darling (R), (R) category Increases criminal penalties disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms Regulations: Creates the crime of purchasing a firearm with the intent to transfer to a prohibited person, 'straw purchasing.'
state WV Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Azinger (R), (R) category Retired officers / guns and rules; Guns on school grounds disposition Enacted Bill title and description Unlawful Possession of Firearm on School Property: Allows people to carry concealed weapons at private and secondary schools that have policies allowing firearms; allows retired law-enforcement officers to posses firearms at schools under certain conditions
state WV Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Maynard (R), (R) category Retired officers / guns and rules disposition Enacted Bill title and description Service Sidearms and Handguns: Awards service weapons to natural resources police officers when they retire, and allows old ones to be sold to current officers at fair market value
state WY Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Loucks (R), (R) category Guns in churches disposition Enacted Bill title and description Weapons: Allows people to carry concealed weapons in churches and other houses of worship
state WY Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Salazar (R), (R) category Stand your ground / self-defense disposition Enacted Bill title and description Crimes and Civil Liability: Expands stand your ground provisions
state AL Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Sanford (R), (R) category Would allow more to carry guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Pistol Permits: Bars sheriffs from putting conditions on specific pistol permits, such as time constraints
state AZ Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Thorpe (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Bankruptcy Exemption and Personal Property: Exempts firearms worth not more than $2,000 from being taken to pay bankruptcy debts -- calling them personal, family or household items
state AZ Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Thorpe (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearm Possession and Peace Officers: Exempts all state and federal law enforcement officers from restrictions on carrying guns
state AZ Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Farnsworth (R), (R) category Would allow more to carry guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Setting Aside Convictions: Changes the process for setting aside convictions, which can result in the restoration of firearms rights.
state AZ Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Farnsworth (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Concealed Weapons Permit and Electronic Reports: Requires Department of Public Safety to submit a report to the governor and legislature each year on whether changes were made to reciprocity rules for concealed carry permits with other states
state AZ Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Kavanagh (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Liquor Licenses: Allows off-duty police officers to carry guns into bars and liquor stores
state CA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Voepel (R), (D) category Would allow more to carry guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms: Unsafe Handguns: Adds harbor or port district agencies to a list of law enforcement groups exempt from a ban on certain 'unsafe handguns'
state CA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Vidak (R), (D) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms: Vehicle Storage: Adds a toolbox or utility box as a place in a vehicle where people can lock handguns
state FL Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) White (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Sale of Firearms: Requires the Department of Law Enforcement to allow firearms licensees to pay background check fees electronically, including by credit cards and funds transfers
state FL Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Galvano (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Public Records and Public Meetings: Shields the name of people giving tips to law enforcment; closes some meetings of the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School Public Safety Commission; shields the identities of school safety officers
state IA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Transportation Cmt (NA), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Snowmobile Operation and Loaded Firearms: Allows people to openly carry firearms while operating or riding in snowmobiles and ATVs
state ID Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Education Cmt (NA), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms Safety Courses for Students: Encourages school boards to establish firearms safety education courses for primary and secondary school students
state ID Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) State Affairs Cmt (NA), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Concealed Weapons Instruction: Allows retired attorneys to teach enhanced concealed weapons courses
state IL Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Willis (D), (R) category Other disposition Vetoed Bill title and description Gun Dealer Licensing: Creates mandatory state licensing for gun dealers and related regulations
state IL Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Harmon (D), (R) category Other disposition Vetoed Bill title and description Gun Dealer Licensing Act: Requires gun retailers to be licensed with the state and follow safety requirements
state IL Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Sims (D), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Unlawful Sale or Delivery of Firearms: Expands the 72-hour waiting period for handguns to all guns
state IN Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Olthoff (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Child Care Location and Safety: Clarifies requirement that child care providers keep firearms, ammunition and other weapons in places that are inaccessible to children
state LA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Jordan (D), (D) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description School Crisis Management and Response Plans: Requires school safety plans to include parental notification procedures in the event of a shooting or other emergency situation
state LA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Bouie (D), (D) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Weapons and Firearms: Exempts former lawmakers from the crime of illegal carrying of weapons, as long as they are qualified annually
state LA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Boudreaux (D), (D) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Contraband in Hospitals: Makes it illegal for prohibited gun owners to bring firearms to hospitals
state MD Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Atterbeary (D), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Handgun Permit Review Board: Changes the process for appealing denials of handgun permits before the Handgun Permit Review Board, makes the board subject to the open meetings law
state MD Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Norman (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Crimes of Violence: Revises the 'crime of violence' to include all gun crimes, not just handguns; other changes
state MO Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Curls S (D), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Expungement of Records: Allows individuals convicted of illegally carrying concealed before 2017 to apply for an order to expunge the records
state NC Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Britt (R), (D) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Right to Hunt and Fish: Creates a statewide referendum in November on whether to amend state constitution to protect the right to hunt and fish
state NE Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Stinner (NP), (R) category Would allow more to carry guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearm Related Disabilities: Changes provisions for petititioning to get firearms rights restored by those who have mental health disabilities
state NE Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Bostelman (NP), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Public Information Withholding: Exempts any government records related to 'firearm registration, possession, sale or use' from the public records law
state NH Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Avard (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms Terminology: Allows carrying a loaded rifle or shotgun, muzzleloader or air rifle on a stationary motor vehicle, snowmobile, or aircraft; defines air rifle and allows hunting with a muzzleloader, crossbow or air rifle
state NJ Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Greenwald (D), (D) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Justifiable Need to Carry Handgun: Codifies a strict definition of the 'justifiable need to carry a handgun' that private citizens must show in order to get a permit
state NJ Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Greenwald (D), (D) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Armor Piercing Ammunition: Adopts the federal definition of armor piercing ammunition and makes it a crime to possess or manufacture it
state NJ Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Greenwald (D), (D) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Ammunition Magazine Maximum Capacity: Bans firearm magazines that can hold more than 10 rounds of ammunition (up to 15 had been legal previously)
state OH Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Retherford (R), (R) category Would allow more to carry guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearm Training for Tactical Medical Professionals: Allows 'tactical medical professionals' such as EMTs, nurses and physicians to get training and carry firearms while on duty
state OH Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Terhar (R), (R) category Other disposition Allowed to B Bill title and description Concealed Carry Licensing: Makes a number of updates to the state's concealed carry licensing law, including waiving the fee for military members and veterans who were honorably discharged, and allowing license holders to renew their permits at any time.
state OK Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Enns (R), (R) category Other disposition Vetoed Bill title and description Firearms: Allows officers to carry while off-duty anywhere in the state
state OK Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Taylor (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Fingerprinting Fees: Allows sheriffs to charge up to $25 for fingerprinting handgun license applicants
state OK Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Roberts S (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms: Allows eligible people to carry a handgun while scouting
state OK Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Dahm (R), (R) category Other disposition Vetoed Bill title and description Unlawful Carry: Would have allowed people to carry a weapon without a permit, 'open carry'
state OK Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Cleveland (R), (R) category Would allow more to carry guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms: Allows sheriffs and county boards to authorize employees to carry concealed handguns while working in courthouses
state OR Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Senate Interim Committee on Judiciary (NA), (D) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Intervention Program Standards Advisory Commission: Clarifies reporting requirements when law enforcement receives reports that a person bought a firearm despite being disqualified from doing so
state RI Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Casey (D), (D) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Gun Crimes Report: Directs the state attorney general to report annually on the incidents and disposition of gun crimes
state SD Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Rhoden (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Concealed Carry: Allows sheriffs to issue 'temporary restricted enhanced permits to carry a concealed pistol' to people between ages 18 and 20
state SD Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Peterson (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Concealed Carry Permits Background Check: Requires applicants for a concealed carry license to pass a federal background check
state TN Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Windle (D), (R) category Would allow more to carry guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Handgun Carry Permits: Applicants for handgun carry permits are exempted from firing range and classroom hours requirements if they've completed a department of corrections firearms qualification in the last five years
state TN Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Ragan (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms and Ammunition: Allows county commissioners who have permits to carry handguns in buildings in which the commission meetings are held
state TN Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Van Huss (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Posting Requirements for Concealed Firearms: Authorizes people, businesses and governments to allow concealed carry of handguns on their property while prohibiting other weapons or the open carry of firearms; establishes posting requirements for 'concealed firearms by permit only' signs
state TN Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Rogers (R), (R) category Would allow more to carry guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms: Allows some people whose gun rights have been restored to qualify for handgun carry permits; allows curent and former members of the military who are 18 to be eligible for permits
state TN Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) White D (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms and Ammunition: Allows law enforcement agencies to offer gun safety classes or programs for elementary school students, as long as they don't use live ammunition or live fire
state TN Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Niceley (R), (R) category Would allow more to carry guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Firearms and Ammunition: Authorizes community corrections officers in several counties to carry handguns while on duty
state TN Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Haile (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Mental Health Patients: Requires the Tennessee Bureau of Investigation to contact local law enforcement where a person who has been adjuciated as mentally defective attempts to purchase a firearm
state TN Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Green (R), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description School Safety Act: Allows off-duty law enforcement officers to serve as armed school security officers and spells out related procedures
state VA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Simon (D), (D) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Special License Plates: Authorizes special 'STOP GUN VIOLENCE' license plates
state VT Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Corrections and Institutions Cmt (NA), (R) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Capital Construction and State Bonding Budget: Establishes a school safety advisory group to develop guidelines and best practices to prevent school shootings
state WA Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Lovick (D), (D) category Other disposition Enacted Bill title and description Concealed Pistol License Eligibility Requirements: Persons who are subject to extreme risk protection orders, sexual assault protection orders and stalking protection orders are ineligible for a concealed pistol license; police may not return concealed pistol licenses that have been surendered until they ensure they are eligible
state WV Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Pethtel (D), (R) category Would allow more to carry guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Authority to Carry a Concealed Weapon: Allows state attorney general investigators and reserve sheriff's deputies to carry concealed while on duty
state WV Author (Party) and (Governor's Party) Foster (R), (R) category Would allow more to carry guns disposition Enacted Bill title and description Business Liability Protection Act: Bars business owners from prohibiting customers and employees from possessing legally owned firearms under certain circumstances; prohibits them from barring legal guns in their cars in the parking lot; provides immunity and liability limits

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