The U.S. balance of trade with the world

The United States runs a deficit or surplus with its trading partners around the world that shifts from year to year.

A new rise in tariffs imposed by the White House on foreign steel and aluminum was prompted by President Donald Trump's dissatisfaction with the U.S. trade deficit -- the difference between how much the United States sells in goods and services around the world and how much the nation takes in. The United States runs a deficit or surplus with its trading partners around the world that shifts from year to year. The country had an overall trade deficit of $568.4 billion for goods and services in 2017, according to the U.S. Census Bureau and the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Here is a look at the U.S. trade balance, beginning with the surpluses and deficits with 19 countries or groups for 2017, in billions of dollars. (And you can read more about those tariffs here. ) This database was posted on April 13, 2018.

Trade balances in 2017, the most recent annual snapshot

The figure for the European Union includes Germany, France, Italy and the United Kingdom, which are listed separately in the chart as well. Similarly, the figures for the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) includes Saudi Arabia, and Brazil is included in Central/South America.

Trade deficits and surpluses can shift over time

Many countries shift over time from having surpluses or deficits with the United States. Before we show you the whole world's U.S. trade picture since 1999, let's look at just two countries, Brazil and Canada, for example. In this chart the thickness of the colored shape represents the relative size of the trade balance with the United States and the position above or below the $0 line indicates whether the country has a surplus or deficit.

With Brazil, the United States had a slight trading surplus from 1999 to 2002, then went into a deficit with them until 2006 and has had surpluses ever since.

With Canada, the United States had a deficit, sometimes substantial, from 1999 up to 2014, when the trade balance crossed the $0 line and registered a surplus for the United States for 2015-2017. Canada is America's largest trading partner. In these charts you'll sometimes see a narrow little bridge when a country switches from deficit to surplus or vice versa. You can learn the amount of the deficit or surplus by clicking on the dots along the line.

The bigger picture: U.S. trade balance with the whole world

Here are the global figures for 19 countries or groups, again, in billions of dollars and with the same overlap mentioned above. That big pinch you see in the middle of the chart reflects the effects of the 2008 financial crisis on world trade in the following year.

And the whole world in a table

Here are the surplus and deficit figures for the chart above, in billions of dollars. You can scroll using the bar at the bottom to get to the years 2015-2017 (there are a lot of years here).

Partner 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Partner Brazil 1999 $6.15 2000 $6.47 2001 $5.61 2002 $0.10 2003 $-3.58 2004 $-4.24 2005 $-5.16 2006 $-3.11 2007 $5.03 2008 $9.99 2009 $14.76 2010 $24.41 2011 $27.67 2012 $29.32 2013 $36.06 2014 $33.27 2015 $24.87 2016 $22.94 2017 $27.90
Partner Canada 1999 $-28.13 2000 $-47.89 2001 $-48.29 2002 $-44.08 2003 $-46.92 2004 $-61.36 2005 $-71.66 2006 $-60.94 2007 $-53.24 2008 $-60.51 2009 $-2.73 2010 $-5.76 2011 $-10.68 2012 $-4.93 2013 $-4.14 2014 $-11.14 2015 $4.17 2016 $7.73 2017 $2.77
Partner China 1999 $-67.44 2000 $-81.97 2001 $-81.38 2002 $-101.87 2003 $-122.71 2004 $-161.51 2005 $-200.98 2006 $-234.00 2007 $-257.33 2008 $-263.31 2009 $-219.74 2010 $-261.18 2011 $-278.53 2012 $-294.94 2013 $-295.15 2014 $-314.67 2015 $-334.02 2016 $-309.27 2017 $-337.18
Partner France 1999 $-4.93 2000 $-10.07 2001 $-10.58 2002 $-8.84 2003 $-11.61 2004 $-9.63 2005 $-11.77 2006 $-15.74 2007 $-16.05 2008 $-12.89 2009 $-6.70 2010 $-10.52 2011 $-11.20 2012 $-10.03 2013 $-10.96 2014 $-13.44 2015 $-14.57 2016 $-12.54 2017 $-14.09
Partner Germany 1999 $-25.71 2000 $-29.60 2001 $-31.28 2002 $-40.03 2003 $-43.50 2004 $-49.62 2005 $-54.30 2006 $-55.02 2007 $-50.52 2008 $-49.50 2009 $-32.46 2010 $-38.49 2011 $-53.20 2012 $-65.55 2013 $-73.17 2014 $-79.65 2015 $-77.15 2016 $-67.01 2017 $-67.68
Partner Hong Kong 1999 $1.54 2000 $2.04 2001 $3.71 2002 $2.69 2003 $4.52 2004 $4.87 2005 $5.93 2006 $8.17 2007 $11.99 2008 $14.52 2009 $18.36 2010 $22.19 2011 $32.48 2012 $32.21 2013 $38.54 2014 $36.71 2015 $31.65 2016 $29.07 2017 $34.82
Partner India 1999 $-4.72 2000 $-6.14 2001 $-4.67 2002 $-6.37 2003 $-6.31 2004 $-7.70 2005 $-10.42 2006 $-12.70 2007 $-10.48 2008 $-10.65 2009 $-7.10 2010 $-14.74 2011 $-20.28 2012 $-24.86 2013 $-26.86 2014 $-30.26 2015 $-29.57 2016 $-29.68 2017 $-29.16
Partner Italy 1999 $-12.95 2000 $-15.13 2001 $-15.41 2002 $-15.09 2003 $-15.93 2004 $-19.66 2005 $-21.99 2006 $-22.75 2007 $-21.98 2008 $-21.20 2009 $-14.49 2010 $-15.50 2011 $-19.39 2012 $-23.25 2013 $-24.00 2014 $-27.10 2015 $-29.74 2016 $-31.19 2017 $-34.68
Partner Japan 1999 $-55.94 2000 $-62.97 2001 $-55.38 2002 $-56.86 2003 $-54.00 2004 $-61.42 2005 $-66.61 2006 $-76.27 2007 $-71.90 2008 $-60.13 2009 $-28.17 2010 $-42.82 2011 $-45.43 2012 $-58.21 2013 $-59.24 2014 $-53.60 2015 $-55.13 2016 $-57.08 2017 $-56.12
Partner South Korea 1999 $-7.40 2000 $-11.46 2001 $-12.36 2002 $-11.77 2003 $-11.85 2004 $-18.49 2005 $-13.13 2006 $-10.09 2007 $-9.31 2008 $-7.08 2009 $-5.04 2010 $-3.88 2011 $-5.44 2012 $-7.71 2013 $-9.19 2014 $-14.91 2015 $-18.59 2016 $-17.60 2017 $-10.33
Partner Mexico 1999 $-19.30 2000 $-21.18 2001 $-25.55 2002 $-33.26 2003 $-36.56 2004 $-42.20 2005 $-45.22 2006 $-59.19 2007 $-69.31 2008 $-58.57 2009 $-41.51 2010 $-58.43 2011 $-56.97 2012 $-54.02 2013 $-47.48 2014 $-51.32 2015 $-58.32 2016 $-63.05 2017 $-69.27
Partner Saudi Arabia 1999 $2.18 2000 $-6.51 2001 $-5.94 2002 $-7.49 2003 $-12.98 2004 $-14.22 2005 $-18.99 2006 $-22.18 2007 $-22.95 2008 $-39.03 2009 $-7.38 2010 $-15.50 2011 $-28.22 2012 $-30.63 2013 $-25.02 2014 $-21.28 2015 $6.28 2016 $9.61 2017 $5.68
Partner Singapore 1999 $1.31 2000 $3.04 2001 $6.60 2002 $5.36 2003 $5.14 2004 $6.99 2005 $7.68 2006 $8.77 2007 $11.10 2008 $14.60 2009 $9.56 2010 $16.74 2011 $17.74 2012 $17.92 2013 $18.50 2014 $19.02 2015 $17.50 2016 $18.27 2017 $20.41
Partner South/Central America 1999 $7.45 2000 $-3.25 2001 $-3.96 2002 $-15.56 2003 $-29.55 2004 $-42.54 2005 $-50.80 2006 $-42.67 2007 $-14.96 2008 $-16.81 2009 $1.15 2010 $14.54 2011 $12.00 2012 $30.10 2013 $71.05 2014 $86.38 2015 $87.62 2016 $70.21 2017 $74.70
Partner Taiwan 1999 $-14.37 2000 $-14.38 2001 $-13.76 2002 $-13.05 2003 $-14.09 2004 $-12.66 2005 $-12.43 2006 $-15.26 2007 $-13.11 2008 $-10.74 2009 $-7.22 2010 $-5.40 2011 $-10.09 2012 $-8.84 2013 $-7.48 2014 $-8.76 2015 $-10.39 2016 $-8.85 2017 $-14.51
Partner United Kingdom 1999 $2.28 2000 $1.74 2001 $2.09 2002 $-2.16 2003 $-4.33 2004 $-0.88 2005 $-2.32 2006 $2.24 2007 $10.58 2008 $9.34 2009 $10.30 2010 $8.93 2011 $14.81 2012 $12.30 2013 $5.40 2014 $10.88 2015 $11.89 2016 $14.70 2017 $13.77
Partner All other countries 1999 $-31.19 2000 $-78.52 2001 $-74.93 2002 $-86.23 2003 $-119.18 2004 $-158.16 2005 $-192.88 2006 $-193.66 2007 $-147.90 2008 $-163.57 2009 $-64.22 2010 $-94.72 2011 $-101.89 2012 $-45.56 2013 $22.29 2014 $35.91 2015 $30.68 2016 $-10.84 2017 $-40.78
Partner European Union 1999 $-28.50 2000 $-47.00 2001 $-57.71 2002 $-73.95 2003 $-87.26 2004 $-95.43 2005 $-108.69 2006 $-105.02 2007 $-79.91 2008 $-58.52 2009 $-23.43 2010 $-45.84 2011 $-58.54 2012 $-75.84 2013 $-83.98 2014 $-94.00 2015 $-102.60 2016 $-93.21 2017 $-101.69
Partner OPEC 1999 $-13.64 2000 $-41.66 2001 $-33.87 2002 $-31.47 2003 $-49.80 2004 $-70.37 2005 $-90.24 2006 $-100.05 2007 $-119.12 2008 $-169.01 2009 $-52.07 2010 $-85.85 2011 $-113.43 2012 $-82.53 2013 $-48.54 2014 $-28.56 2015 $30.49 2016 $17.55 2017 $8.21

Please choose a filter above to display results or

DISPLAY ALL

No results for your selection

RESET
BACK TO TOP